Causes of Bunions

Monday, 30 July 2018 00:00

If the joint on the bottom of the big toe is enlarged, this foot condition may be referred to as a bunion. There may be considerable inflammation, which can possibly lead to additional bone growth. Patients who experience bunions often have obvious symptoms including pain, redness and tenderness. If this condition is not treated promptly, arthritis may develop, and this may possibly cause a deformity. Common reasons for bunions to form may be from genetic traits or abnormal foot structures such as flat feet. Choosing to wear poorly fitting shoes may cause a preexisting case of bunions to become even worse. It’s important to speak with a podiatrist who can suggest specific exercises that may treat the symptoms of the bunion in addition to possible removal, which may require surgery.   

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Dr. Scott Shrem of Garden State Foot & Ankle Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Hazlet, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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