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Facts About Bunions

Tuesday, 13 February 2024 00:00

Bunions, a common foot condition, affect millions worldwide. Bunions occur when the joint at the base of the big toe becomes enlarged and protrudes outward. Often caused by genetics, foot stress, or from wearing improper footwear, bunions can lead to pain, swelling, and difficulty walking. Understanding the symptoms is essential in properly treating a bunion. Look for redness, inflammation, and a visible bump at the base of the big toe. While bunions may be managed with proper footwear and orthotics, severe cases may require surgery to realign the toe joint. Prevention is vital, and it is beneficial to opt for shoes with wide-toe boxes and low heels, in addition to avoiding shoes that are tight-fitting or pointed. Simple exercises like toe stretches and foot massages can also alleviate discomfort. Regular foot exams by a podiatrist can catch bunions early and prevent worsening. Bunions are manageable with proper care and attention. If you see a bunion developing, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can confirm the diagnosis, and offer appropriate relief and treatment methods.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Dr. Scott Shrem of Garden State Foot & Ankle Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Hazlet, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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